K8GB - Kubernetes Global Balancer
CNCF Sandbox Project
CNCF Coordination & Service Discovery
Join #k8gb on CNCF Slack
A Global Service Load Balancing solution with a focus on having cloud native qualities and work natively in a Kubernetes context.
Just a single Gslb CRD to enable the Global Load Balancing:
apiVersion: k8gb.absa.oss/v1beta1 kind: Gslb metadata: name: test-gslb-failover namespace: test-gslb spec: ingress: rules: - host: failover.test.k8gb.io # Desired GSLB enabled FQDN http: paths: - backend: serviceName: frontend-podinfo # Service name to enable GSLB for servicePort: http path: / strategy: type: failover # Global load balancing strategy primaryGeoTag: eu-west-1 # Primary cluster geo tag
Global load balancing, commonly referred to as GSLB (Global Server Load Balancing) solutions, has been typically the domain of proprietary network software and hardware vendors and installed and managed by siloed network teams.
k8gb is a completely open source, cloud native, global load balancing solution for Kubernetes.
k8gb focuses on load balancing traffic across geographically dispersed Kubernetes clusters using multiple load balancing strategies to meet requirements such as region failover for high availability.
Global load balancing for any Kubernetes Service can now be enabled and managed by any operations or development teams in the same Kubernetes native way as any other custom resource.
- Load balancing is based on timeproof DNS protocol which is perfect for global scope and extremely reliable
- No dedicated management cluster and no single point of failure
- Kubernetes native application health checks utilizing status of Liveness and Readiness probes for load balancing decisions
- Configuration with a single Kubernetes CRD of Gslb kind
It will deploy two local k3s clusters via k3d, expose associated CoreDNS service for UDP DNS traffic), and install k8gb with test applications and two sample Gslb resources on top.
This setup is adapted for local scenarios and works without external DNS provider dependency.
Consult with local playground documentation to learn all the details of experimenting with local setup.
Optionally, you can run
make deploy-prometheus and check the metrics on the test clusters (http://localhost:8080, http://localhost:8081).
Motivation and Architecture
k8gb was born out of the need for an open source, cloud native GSLB solution at Absa Group in South Africa.
As part of the bank's wider container adoption running multiple, geographically dispersed Kubernetes clusters, the need for a global load balancer that was driven from the health of Kubernetes Services was required and for which there did not seem to be an existing solution.
Yes, there are proprietary network software and hardware vendors with GSLB solutions and products, however, these were costly, heavyweight in terms of complexity and adoption, and were not Kubernetes native in most cases, requiring dedicated hardware or software to be run outside of Kubernetes.
This was the problem we set out to solve with k8gb.
Born as a completely open source project and following the popular Kubernetes operator pattern, k8gb can be installed in a Kubernetes cluster and via a Gslb custom resource, can provide independent GSLB capability to any Ingress or Service in the cluster, without the need for handoffs and coordination between dedicated network teams.
k8gb commoditizes GSLB for Kubernetes, putting teams in complete control of exposing Services across geographically dispersed Kubernetes clusters across public and private clouds.
k8gb requires no specialized software or hardware, relying completely on other OSS/CNCF projects, has no single point of failure, and fits in with any existing Kubernetes deployment workflow (e.g. GitOps, Kustomize, Helm, etc.) or tools.
Please see the extended architecture documentation here
Internal k8gb architecture and its components are described here
Installation and Configuration Tutorials
- General deployment with Infoblox integration
- AWS based deployment with Route53 integration
- AWS based deployment with NS1 integration
- Local playground for testing and development
- Ingress annotations
- Integration with Admiralty
k8gb is very well tested with the following environment options
|Kubernetes Version||>= 1.15|
|Environment||Self-managed, AWS(EKS) *|
|Ingress Controller||NGINX, AWS Load Balancer Controller *|
|EdgeDNS||Infoblox, Route53, NS1|
* We only mention solutions where we have tested and verified a k8gb installation. If your Kubernetes version or Ingress controller is not included in the table above, it does not mean that k8gb will not work for you. k8gb is architected to run on top of any compliant Kubernetes cluster and Ingress controller.
Presentations Featuring k8gb
|KubeCon NA 2021
||Crossplane Community Day
|#29 DoK Community
||AWS Containers from the Couch show
|OpenShift Commons Briefings
||Demo at Kubernetes SIG Multicluster